Exhibition of brooches 1910-1970 by the House of High Jewelry Art Van Cleef & Arpels.
The exhibition, which will take place both in the museum halls and on a virtual platform, will feature works that truly convey the attitude to…
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Life Dates: 28.10 (9.11).1891 - 28.10.1942
Place of birth: Kyiv
Occupation: art historian and theoretic
Main works: The outstanding person of Ukrainian culture, art historian and theoretic, organizer of heritage protection activities, Professor of Kyiv Art and Kyiv Archaeological Institutes. Russified German of origin.
Studied in Hlykhiv School (1900-1909, graduated with a silver medal, his schoolmates are Volodymyr and Heorhiy Narbut), in the Universities of Berlin (1909-1910) and Kyiv (1910-1914, graduated in 1919, under H.Pavlutskiy). For the work dedicated to Kyiv architecture of 17-18 centuries he was awarded with a gold medal. Studied monuments of baroque architecture, later together with Pavlutskiy established the term “Mazepa’s baroque” in the art history. Met M.Biliashivskiy, from 1913 began issuing his first scientific researches. In 1914 as a German national was transported outside Cheliabinsk. In April 1917 after oath taking he came back to Kyiv, where he worked as the assistant to a record keeper in newly constructed General Education Secretariat (Plastic Arts Department with Pavlutskiy on charge). Till the end of 1917 worked in cultural heritage protection area, taking active steps to save art valuables in Kyiv, Kyiv Region, Chernihiv Region, Poltava, Zhytomyr, Vinnytsia Regions, in 1919 as an academic instructor of VUKOMPYS (All-Ukrainian Committee for Antiquity and Cultural Heritage Protection), from 1920 he was an academic expert of HUBKOMPYS (Hubernia Committee for Antiquity and Cultural Heritage Protection), from 1926 to 1930 he is Kyiv land inspector at Narkomis (People’s commission) of USSR. At the beginning of 1920th he was in active correspondence with the Moscow Museum Fund, Moscow and Leningrad Antiques on the issues of transferring works of Ukrainian artists back to Kyiv, which had resulted in receving works by Rokachevskiy, Mokrytskiy, Levytskiy and others to the collection. In 1919 he was voted an editor of art division of Biographic Commission of VUAN (All-Ukrainian Academy of Science). He is a member of committee for Lavra Cult Museum, Kyiv Art Gallery (at present – Kyiv Museum of Russian Art), Art Museum of VUAN (at present – Bohdan and Varvara Khanenko’s Art Museum) organization. In 1922-1933 he worked for T.H.Shevchenko All-Ukrainian Histoy Museum, from 1923 he held a position of newly opened Art Department. Organized exhibitions of Ukrainian portrait of 17-20 centuries (1925), works of H.Narbut (1926), Ukrainian painting of 17-20 centuries to the 30th anniversary of the museum (1928-1929), etc. Fundamental scientific catalogues of exhibitions were published by him. He defined an object of Ukrianian art history. From 1929 he is the second member of Parity Committee on Cultural Valuables Exchange between the RSFSR and USSR. He was a member of Shevchenko’s Grave Maintenance Committee and the Committee for Shevchenko’s Statue Fix Up in Kharkiv. Until December 1933 he is a professor of Kyiv Art Institute, secretary of Ukrainian Scientific Society’s art department. In December 1933 he was arrested on contra-revolution activities, creating an enemy camp in the museum prosecution, Ernst was imputed the “politically wrecking treatment of ex cult-used antiquities”. In 1933-1937 he served his sentence in correctional cages at Bilomoro-Baltic channel, created museum of its history in Poventsi town, Museum of Moscow-Volha channel construction in Dmytrov town (was the head of this museum in 1936-1937). After realize he lived and worked in Alma-Ata, in 1938 through Ernst activities the Kazakh National Art Gallery was opened and he was appointed the deputy director of it. After the arrest of his wife Tamara Lvivna, Ernts was forced to move from Alma-Ata to Ufa, where he worked in Bashkiria State Art Museum (from May 1940 worked as deputy director); he was dismissed because of conviction, later reinstated in a job in virtue of the All-Union Committee for Art Affairs. On July 16, 1941 he was arrested in Ufa on betrayal of Motherland prosecution, on October 28, 1942 he was shot. His works are: “Kyiv Architecture of ХVІІ-ХVІІІ centuries” (1913), “Art Treasures of Kyiv harmed in 1918 г.” (1918), “Ukrainian Art of ХVІІ-ХVІІІ centuries” (1919), “Ukrainian Portrait of ХVІІ-ХХ centuries” (1925), “Heorhiy Narbut. Posthumous works exhibition” (1926), “Ukrainian Painting of ХVІІ-ХХ centuries” (1929), “Kyiv. Guide” (1930). Author of monographs about T.Shevchenko, I.Repin, M.Murashko. Literature: Bilokin S. Fedir Ernst and Kyiv // Science and Culture: Ukraine. Is. 22. – К.: 1988; Thesis of statements and notifications of conference dedicated to the 100th anniversary of art historian Fedir Liudvyhovych Ernst’s. – Sumy: 1991; Bilokin S. Diary of Fedir Ernst on struggle for Ukrainian cultural heritage in 1920th – 1930th: Texts publication // Pamiat Stolit. – 2005. – May-September. - №3-4. – P.61-137.